Is E331 Halal or Haram?

featured - Is E331 Halal or Haram?

Have you wondered about the permissibility of the food additive “E331“? In this guide, we’ll explore E331 sodium citrates’ origins, uses, safety, and halal status so you can feel confident about this ingredient in your diet.

Die zentralen Thesen

📌 E331, also known as sodium citrate, is a food additive used for pH control, preservation, emulsifying, flavoring, and buffering in the food industry.
📌 The Halal or Haram status of E331 is considered doubtful or uncertain. It is derived from citric acid, the halal status of which is still uncertain.
📌 Sodium citrate is generally safe for consumption in normal amounts and falls within acceptable daily intake limits established by regulatory bodies.

What E331?

E331 is a food additive code that represents sodium citrates, which are the sodium salts of citric acid. They are commonly used in the food industry for various purposes:

  1. pH Control: Sodium citrates can be used to control the acidity in the pH of food and beverages.
  2. Konservierungsmittel: It helps in preserving food by acting as an antioxidant.
  3. Emulsifying Salt: In processed cheese, sodium citrate allows the cheese to melt without becoming greasy.
  4. Geschmack: It can add a slightly salty and sour taste to foods and drinks.
  5. Buffer: It serves as a buffer to resist changes in pH.

Chemische Struktur

e331 sodium citrate chemical formula

Sodium citrate is a white, crystalline powder with the chemical formula Na3C6H5O7. As a sodium salt of citric acid, its IUPAC name is trisodium 2-hydroxypropane-1,2,3-tricarboxylate.

What Is E331 Made From?

E331 is produced through neutralization reactions between citric acid and sodium carbonate or sodium bicarbonate. Citric acid itself comes from the fungal fermentation of carbohydrate sources like molasses, making E331’s production process plant-derived and thus halal.

Mögliche Nebenwirkungen

When consumed in normal amounts from foods, sodium citrate poses negligible health risks. Very high doses may cause nausea, diarrhea, or vomiting. However, such side effects are unlikely from typical dietary intakes.

Vorschriften und Richtlinien

The EFSA sets the acceptable daily intake of sodium citrate at 0-30 mg/kg of body weight. Moreover, the FDA has approved its use as a food additive and affirmed it as generally recognized as safe.

Dosierung und Anwendung

As a food ingredient rather than a supplement, sodium citrate levels typically range from 0.1 to 2% of the food product weight. For example, a single serving may contain 100-1000 mg. No special precautions are needed with normal dietary exposure.

Is E331 Halal or Haram?

Regrettably, similar to E330, despite the absence of haram ingredients in the production process, Sodium citrate is derived from citric acid, the halal status of which remains uncertain. Consequently, E331 is also categorized within the doubtful or uncertain group.

Finde mehr heraus:
Ist E330 Halal oder Haram?
Ist E332 Halal oder Haram?


E331, or sodium citrate, serves various functions in the food industry, from controlling pH to preserving foods. However, its Halal status remains uncertain due to its relationship with citric acid, making it a doubtful choice for those who follow Islamic dietary laws.

In our quest for dietary knowledge and adherence to these laws, E331 raises questions that require thoughtful consideration.

Allahu A'lam (Allah weiß es am besten)


What is the source of E331?

E331 sodium citrate is derived from citric acid produced through fungal fermentation of carbohydrates. No animal products are involved in its production.

Is E331 safe for consumption?

Yes, when consumed in normal amounts through foods, sodium citrate has few side effects, and intake levels are below regulatory safety limits.

What are some common food products that contain E331?

Processed meats, canned foods, dairy products, baked goods, and condiments often list sodium citrate as an ingredient to improve texture or prevent spoilage.

What is the CAS number of E331?

The Chemical Abstracts Service number for sodium citrate is 68-04-2.

Is E331 banned in any country?

No global bans of E331 sodium citrate were found through research. It is approved for food use worldwide within established guidelines.


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