Is E1505 Halal or Haram? Triethyl Citrate Facts

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Curious about the ingredients in your food? If you’ve encountered E1505 and pondered, “Is E1505 Halal?” then you’re in the right place.

This comprehensive guide will illuminate the ins and outs of E1505, offering insights into what it is, its uses, and most importantly, its compliance with Halal dietary laws. Let’s unravel the details together!

Key Takeaways

📌 E1505, also known as Triethyl citrate, is a food additive used in various food and non-food applications. It is derived from citric acid found in citrus fruits and ethanol.
📌 From a Halal perspective, E1505 is considered permissible (Halal) because the alcohol used in its production is derived from non-intoxicant sources and undergoes a chemical transformation, making it non-intoxicating in the final product.

E1505: What’s Behind the Label?

Ever been on a grocery run, scanning the ingredients list, and stumbled upon E1505? You might have thought, “What on earth is that?” Well, let’s demystify it together!

E1505, which sounds like a code from a sci-fi movie, is actually the technical name for Triethyl citrate. Quite a mouthful, right? This compound is a food additive that’s been embraced by the food industry.

Triethyl citrate finds application in the food industry as a versatile ingredient, serving multiple roles as a flavor enhancer, solvent, and surfactant. This ester of citric acid is a clear, scentless liquid that functions as a food additive bearing the E number E1505.

Its primary function lies in stabilizing foams, particularly in the capacity to enhance the whipping performance of egg whites. Beyond its culinary utility, it also plays a vital role in pharmaceutical coatings and plastics.

Chemical Structure

e1505 chemical structure

The chemical structure of E1505 is a combination of lauric acid, arginine, and ethanol. This unique structure gives it its antimicrobial properties, allowing it to prevent the growth of harmful bacteria in food products.

What Is E1505 Made From?

Triethyl citrate is a compound that might sound complex, but its origins are rooted in simple chemistry. So, what’s the story behind this ingredient?

Triethyl citrate is essentially an ester of citric acid. Now, you might be thinking, “Citric acid? Isn’t that what’s in my citrus fruits?” Absolutely right! Citric acid is a natural acid found in citrus fruits like lemons, oranges, and grapefruits. But how does it transform into Triethyl citrate?

The magic happens when citric acid reacts with ethyl alcohol, commonly known as ethanol. During this chemical reaction, the citric acid combines with three ethyl alcohol molecules, leading to the formation of Triethyl citrate. The process is a classic example of esterification, where an acid and an alcohol come together to produce an ester.

In everyday applications, Triethyl citrate is often used as a plasticizer, making materials more flexible and pliable. It’s also found its way into the food industry, serving as a flavoring agent or a carrier solvent for other food additives. So, the next time you come across Triethyl citrate on a label, you’ll know it’s a product of the simple marriage between citric acid and ethanol!

Possible Side Effects

While E1505 is generally considered safe for consumption, some individuals might experience allergic reactions. Common side effects include skin rashes, itching, and swelling. It’s always recommended to consult with a healthcare professional if you suspect an allergic reaction.

Regulations and Guidelines

E1505 is approved for use in many countries, but the regulations can vary. For instance, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has evaluated its safety and approved its use within certain limits.

However, it’s essential to stay updated with the latest guidelines. For more detailed information on the regulations, you can refer to the European Food Safety Authority’s official website.

Dosage and Administration

The recommended dosage of E1505 varies depending on the type of food product. It’s crucial to adhere to the guidelines set by regulatory authorities to ensure safe consumption. For the latest dosage recommendations, check out this comprehensive guide by the EFSA.

Is E1505 Halal or Haram?

Most Islamic scholars and Halal certification bodies agree that if the alcohol (like ethanol) is derived from non-grape and non-date sources and is not intoxicating in the quantities used, it can be considered Halal. Since Triethyl citrate is an ester and the ethanol has undergone a chemical transformation, it is not intoxicating in the final product. So, E1505 is considered Halal for consumption.

Find out more:
Is E1452 Halal or Haram?
Is E150a Halal or Haram?


E1505 is a commonly used preservative in the food industry. Its Halal status, derived from non-intoxicant sources, makes it a suitable choice for those following a Halal diet. Always stay informed and check product labels to make the best choices for your dietary needs.

Allahu A’lam (Allah Knows Best)


What is the source of E1505?

E1505 is derived from lauric acid (from coconut or palm kernel oil) and arginine, an amino acid.

Is E1505 safe for consumption?

Yes, E1505 is generally considered safe for consumption. However, some individuals might experience allergic reactions.

What are some common food products that contain E1505?

E1505 can be found in various food products, including baked goods, dairy products, and beverages, to name a few.

What is the CAS number of E1505?

The CAS number for E1505 is 60372-77-2.

Is E1505 banned in any countries?

E1505 is approved for use in many countries. However, regulations can vary, so it’s essential to check with local regulatory authorities.

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