Is E214 Halal or Haram?

featured - Is E214 Halal or Haram?

E214 is a term that might sound unfamiliar to many but holds significance in the food industry. But what is it? And more importantly, is E214 Halal? Let’s dive deep into this topic and unravel the mysteries surrounding E214.

Key Takeaways

📌 E214 is a Food Additive: E214, also known as Ethyl 4-hydroxybenzoate, is a food additive used to keep food fresh. It’s made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.
📌 E214 is Halal: E214 is considered Halal, which means it’s allowed in Islamic dietary practices. It’s similar to E210, another Halal additive.
📌 Safe When Used Properly: E214 is safe for consumption when used in recommended amounts.

What is E214?

E214, scientifically known as Ethyl 4-hydroxybenzoate, is a food additive commonly used as a preservative. It’s one of those silent ingredients that work behind the scenes, ensuring that our food remains fresh and safe for consumption. But how does it do that? It’s all in its chemical structure.

Chemical Structure

E214 chemical structure

The molecular formula of E214 is C9H10O3. This compound is made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms arranged in a specific structure that gives it its preservative properties. If we were to break it down:

ElementNumber of Atoms

What Is E214 Made From?

E214, also known as Ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate or Ethylparaben, is a synthetic ethyl ester of benzoic acid. While benzoic acid, benzoates, and benzoic acid esters are naturally found in many fruits, particularly berries (with cranberries being a notably rich source).

They can also be found in mushrooms, cinnamon, cloves, and some dairy products due to bacterial fermentation. For commercial production, benzoic acid is chemically prepared from toluene and then esterified.

Possible Side Effects

Like any other compound, E214 has its set of possible side effects. Some individuals might experience allergic reactions, while others could face gastrointestinal disturbances. It’s always essential to be aware and cautious, especially if you have a history of allergies.

Regulations and Guidelines

E214, like other food additives, is regulated by various health organizations worldwide. It is an approved food additive in the European Union (EU) and is used as a synthetic preservative in food products. 

The use of food additives in the EU is regulated by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) and the EU Commission. The EFSA evaluates the safety of food additives and establishes an Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) level for each additive

The use of E214 is not authorized for use in infant formula and follow-on formula. The use of E214 is also subject to labeling requirements, and it must be listed on the ingredient label of food products

Dosage and Administration

The dosage and administration of E214 depend on various factors, including the type of food product and its intended shelf life. It’s crucial to adhere to recommended dosages to ensure safety.

The ADI level for E214 is not established, but it is considered safe when ingested in small amounts. The use of E214 is subject to specific quantitative limits, and it is only permitted to be used in certain foods. 

Is E214 Halal or Haram?

Now into your main question: Is E214 Halal? The answer is yes, it is halal. This additive is a derivative of E210, which is recognized as Halal. Therefore, E214 is also considered Halal according to the same principle.

Find out more:
Is E213 Halal or Haram?
Is E215 Halal or Haram?


In the quest to understand the halal status of food additives like E212, we’ve uncovered valuable insights. E212, or potassium benzoate, serves as a preservative safeguarding the freshness of a wide range of food and beverage products.

Derived from a natural source, this food additive is generally recognized as safe for consumption. It is often considered halal, as it lacks animal-derived ingredients and aligns with halal dietary principles.

As conscientious consumers, we are equipped with the knowledge to make informed choices about the foods we incorporate into our daily lives. Ensuring halal dietary practices is not just a matter of faith but also one of transparency and ethical food choices.

Allahu A’lam (Allah Knows Best).


What is the source of E214?

E214, or Ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate (Ethylparaben), is a synthetic derivative of benzoic acid. It is specifically the ethyl ester of benzoic acid. While benzoic acid and its derivatives occur naturally in various fruits, mushrooms, spices like cinnamon and cloves, and certain dairy products due to bacterial fermentation, E214 for commercial production is synthetically derived from toluene and then undergoes esterification.

Is E214 safe for consumption?

Yes, when used within recommended dosages and guidelines, E214 is safe for consumption.

What are some common food products that contain E214?

E214 is commonly found in beverages, candies, and certain baked goods as a preservative.

What is the CAS number of E214?

The CAS number of E214 is 120-47-8.

Is E214 banned in any country?

E214 is not banned in many countries, but it is important to consume it in moderation and to be aware of any potential intolerance reactions.

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