Is E228 halal of haram?

aanbevolen - Is E228 Halal of Haram

When it comes to dietary choices, especially for those who follow religious guidelines, the question of whether certain food additives are halal or not is of paramount importance. One such additive that often comes under scrutiny is E228. So, let’s unravel the mystery: Is E228 Halal?

Belangrijkste leerpunten

📌 E228, or Potassium Hydrogen Sulfite, is a white crystalline powder used as a food preservative. It’s made through a chemical reaction between sulfur dioxide and potassium carbonate.
📌 E228 is considered halal as it doesn’t contain ingredients that violate Islamic dietary laws based on its source and production process.
📌 It can cause allergic reactions and is not suitable for people intolerant to sulfites.

What is E228?

E228, better known as Potassium Hydrogen Sulfite, is a chemical compound that’s commonly used as a food preservative. It’s a white crystalline powder that’s soluble in water and has a distinct sulfurous aroma. But what exactly is it, and where does it come from?

Chemische structuur

The chemical formula for Potassium Hydrogen Sulfite is KHSO₃. It’s a salt that results from the combination of potassium (K⁺) and bisulfite ions (HSO₃⁻). This compound is recognized by its white appearance and its unique odor, which is reminiscent of sulfur dioxide.

What Is E228 Made From?

Potassium Hydrogen Sulfite is a vital compound in the food industry, especially when it comes to preservation. Its production process, while seemingly simple, involves a series of chemical reactions that ensure its purity and effectiveness.

At its core, E228 is synthesized through a chemical reaction between sulfur dioxide and potassium carbonate. This reaction is initiated by passing sulfur dioxide gas through an aqueous solution of potassium carbonate.

As the gas interacts with the solution, a bubbling effect is observed, which is the release of carbon dioxide. This effervescence continues until no more carbon dioxide is released, indicating the completion of the reaction.

Once the reaction is complete, the next step is crucial for obtaining the desired product. The solution, which now contains Potassium Hydrogen Sulfite, undergoes a concentration process.

This step ensures that any excess water or impurities are removed, leaving behind a concentrated solution of E228. The final product is a white crystalline substance with a distinct sulfurous aroma, ready for its various applications.

For a clearer understanding, here’s a breakdown of the process:

1.Sulfur dioxide gas is passed through potassium carbonate solution.
2.Carbon dioxide gas evolves as a byproduct, observed as bubbling in the solution.
3.The passage of sulfur dioxide is continued until no more carbon dioxide is released.
4.The solution is then concentrated to remove excess water and impurities.
5.The end product, Potassium Hydrogen Sulfite, is obtained as a white crystalline substance.

This meticulous process ensures that E228 is produced with the highest purity standards, making it suitable for its intended applications in the food industry and beyond.

Mogelijke bijwerkingen

While E228 is widely used in the food industry, it’s essential to be aware of its potential side effects. Some individuals might experience reactions upon consuming products containing E228:

  • Allergic reactions: E228 can cause allergic reactions in some people, including skin rashes, itching, and difficulty breathing.
  • Intolerance reactions: People who are intolerant towards natural sulfites should also avoid added sulfites, including E228. Exposure to sulfites has been reported to induce a range of adverse clinical effects in sensitive individuals, ranging from dermatitis, urticaria, flushing, and other skin irritations to headaches.
  • Reduction of vitamin content: E228 may reduce the vitamin content in food products due to its oxidizing effect.

Regelgeving en richtlijnen

E228, like all food additives, is subject to strict regulations. In the European Union, it’s classified under the E number E228. The Agentschap voor voedselnormen provides comprehensive guidelines on the use of food additives, including E228. The agency ensures that the science behind additives is rigorously reviewed, and any potential risks are addressed promptly.

Dosering en administratie

The amount of E228 used in food products is regulated to ensure consumer safety. The Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) level for E228 or Potassium Bisulfite is not well-established.

Sulfur dioxide-sulfites (E 220-228), including E228, were re-evaluated in 2016 by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), resulting in the setting of a temporary ADI of 0.7 mg SO2 equivalents/kg bw per day pending the availability of new data required for concluding on their safety.

Is E228 halal of haram?

Now into your main question: Is E228 Halal? Based on its source and production process, E228 doesn’t contain any ingredients that are inherently haram. E228 is considered Halal (permissible) under Islamic dietary law.

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E228, also known as Potassium Hydrogen Sulfite, is a frequently used food additive with a variety of uses. While it is generally considered halal, some individuals might encounter adverse effects. It’s important to stay well-informed and make dietary choices that align with your personal convictions.

Allahu A'lam (Allah weet het het beste)


What is the source of E228?

E228 is produced by reacting sulfur dioxide with potassium carbonate.

Is E228 safe for consumption?

In regulated quantities, E228 is deemed safe. However, some individuals might experience allergic reactions.

What are some common food products that contain E228?

E228 is often found in wines, dried fruits, and some canned vegetables.

What is the CAS number of E228?

The CAS number for E228 is 7773-03-7.

Is E228 banned in any country?

Regulations regarding E228 vary by country. It’s essential to check local guidelines to determine its status in specific regions.

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