Calcium malate, also known as E352, is a common food additive used as a firming agent, acidity regulator, and flavor enhancer. But is E352 halal? Let’s take a closer look.
|📌 E352, also known as Calcium Malate, is a food additive used as a firming agent, acidity regulator, and flavor enhancer.
|📌 E352 is generally safe for consumption in regulated doses and is approved for use in various countries, including the United States, Canada, EU, Australia, and New Zealand.
|📌 The halal status of E352 depends on its source and manufacturing process. If it is derived from fruits like apples or made with halal synthetic materials, it is considered halal.
What is E352?
E352 is the food additive calcium malate, the calcium salt of malic acid. It is a white crystalline powder that is odorless and soluble in water.
The chemical structure of calcium malate is Ca(C4H4O5)2. It consists of two malate anions bonded to one calcium cation. The malate anion is an organic compound that provides tart, fruity flavors.
What is E352 Made From?
E352 can be produced through several methods:
- It can be made by reacting calcium hydroxide with malic acid derived from apples or other fruits. This is a natural process and results in a halal form of E352.
- It can also be made through synthetic means by reacting calcium chloride with malic acid. The source of malic acid must be checked for halal status.
Olası yan etkiler
E352 is considered relatively safe for consumption. There are no major known side effects. However, those with sensitivities to malic acid or other organic acids may experience gastrointestinal distress in very high doses. As with any additive, moderation is advised.
Düzenlemeler ve Yönergeler
E352 is approved for use in the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and the EU. It is classified as generally recognized as safe (GRAS) by the U.S. FDA.
The acceptable daily intake is not specified, as calcium malate is not considered dangerous. The Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives has not set an upper limit.
Dozaj ve Uygulama
The amount of E352 used in foods is regulated and small. It is primarily used at levels up to 1,000 ppm in beverages, baked goods, confections, preserved meats, and seasoning blends.
Higher doses may be used in dietary supplements. As a supplement, typical dosages range from 500-2,000 mg per day, taken orally with food or beverages.
Is E352 Halal or Haram?
The halal status of E352 depends on its source and manufacturing process:
- E352 made from apple or other fruit-derived malic acid is halal.
- E352 made with synthetic materials could be halal if the malic acid source is halal.
- E352 made using genetically modified corn or wheat is not considered halal.
In summary, E352’s halal status depends on its source – derived from natural fruits, it is halal, while synthetic production requires scrutiny of the malic acid source. Deemed safe by health authorities, E352 is widely used in various foods, emphasizing moderation.
Its global approval underscores safety, making it a common addition to many products. So, whether enhancing flavor or preserving, E352 prompts a mindful check of its origin for those prioritizing halal choices.
Allahu A'lem (En iyisini Allah bilir)
What is the source of E352?
E352 can be derived from natural sources like apples or synthetic sources. The halal status depends on verifying the specific materials used in production.
Is E352 safe for consumption?
In small doses, E352 is generally recognized as safe by health authorities. There are no known major side effects. Those with sensitivities may experience gastrointestinal issues at high doses.
What are some common products containing E352?
E352 is found in beverages, baked goods, candy, preserved meats, and seasoning blends. It provides tartness and firms or preserves foods.
What is the CAS number of E352?
The Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) registry number for calcium malate is 17482-42-7.
Is E352 banned in any country?
No, E352 is approved for use in food products in the United States, Canada, EU, Australia, New Zealand, and many other countries. There are no known bans at this time.